The speckled corydoras
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Corydoras the speckled, the speckled catfish (Corydoras paleatus). One of the first South American species that became successfully bred in aquariums, even in the late 19th century. Unpretentious peaceful fish that is recommended even in small aquariums beginner aquarists. In aquariums there are also other types of tetras hiding. The most common are: corydoras. Golden (C. aeneus) brown with triangular-wedge-shaped dark spot on the side. Corydoras. Panda – with a black bar through the eye, black dorsal fin and a black spot at the base of the caudal fin. K. sterba (Corydoras sterbai) is a pattern of dark longitudinal stripes and spots and yellow-orange rays of the pectoral fins. In the rivers of South America are constantly finding new varieties of tetras hiding. Many of them do not yet have scientific names and are offered in directories numbered by index (the first letter of the name of the genus).
Distribution . South America. The Amazon, La Plata (Southeast of Brazil). Also in small rivers and streams in Argentina, Paraguay, Uruguay.
Description . Females reach a length of 6.5 cm, males smaller. The General coloration is brown, sandy with numerous dark gray spots and small specks. Like all armored catfish, on the body are two rows of bony plates. Around the mouth there are three pairs of antennae. Withdrawn the veil, and vysokolikvidnye albino form of Krupchatnikov.
Feeding/types of feed . Omnivorous. Forage, flicking through some particles of the soil. Necessary as animals and plant components in the diet. You can dry feeding.
Water parameters :
The acidity (pH) 6,0 -7,0,
Hardness (dH) 4 – 16
The content at higher temperatures reduces the lifetime of the fish, which in normal conditions is 6 to 8 years.
The conditions of detention . For a group of fish (3-4 pieces) enough aquarium 40 liters. Preferred aquariums with a large area of the bottom. The soil should not contain sharp particles, as the tetras hiding delicate antennae that they can damage. Necessary in the aquarium plants, driftwood, smooth stones, which the catfish would hide. Tetras hiding, in addition to breathing through gills, capable of so-called intestinal breath periodically, they should be able to float to the water surface to grab an air bubble. Constantly pereryva upper layers of the soil, raise catfish dregs from the bottom, so need good filtration.
Social behavior . Absolutely peace. Much better feel in the group of 5 fish. Compatible with any proportionate non-aggressive species.
Sex differences . Females are larger, more complete when viewed from the top.
Breeding/spawning . Often spawning takes place in the General aquarium. The stimulus for spawning may serve as a replacement part with fresh water, cooler. During spawning the female takes sperm in mouth male and lubricates them clean pad, then lays a few eggs. Then the process repeats. The tetras hiding lay eggs on rocks, plant leaves, the glass of the aquarium. The rather large fry hatch. Feed them small live and crushed dry food.