Som. Useful properties, composition, calorific value, harm, and contraindications
European catfish or Wels catfish is among the largest fish. Sometimes reaching gigantic fish from family somovyh can attack people who get near his habitat. The catfish has an elongated…

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Som. Features and habits

The representative of the family somovyh. Is characterized by bare, not covered with scales body, a large head with two long antennae, a long anal fin reaching the caudal. Catfish is the largest of our freshwater fish, reaching up to 300 kg weight and 5 m length. This is a typical nocturnal predator, it feeds mainly on fish, but sometimes also other animals food: frogs, large mussels, crabs; the missing eggs and Chicks of waterfowl. Large catfish attack a waterfowl and mammals coming to water.

Com exclusively freshwater fish inhabits the rivers of the temperate zone of European Russia. Catfish spawning occurs in different places at different times. In may in the South of Russia, and in July in the Northern parts, at a temperature of about 20°.

In the spring during high water to catch a catfish on the bait in the spawning of carps. Bait can be fish, frog and roasted on the fire pieces of meat. Summer catfish caught on a green frog and fried small birds, which put for the night near a deep whirlpool. From ancient times to the present day there is fishing catfish on Kwok — artificially produced sound resembling the croaking of a frog, which apparently it prefers other lures.

To produce Kwok, there’s a special tool cloque made from solid wood: maple, Apple, mountain ash and other trees, At the end kakushi made recess in the form of a hoof. Kwok is obtained with a sharp blow with the bottom end kakushi on the surface of the water.

Fishing with Kwok is done at night. Two fisherman out on a boat and circling the deep pool, the permanent residence of large catfish. One rowing and the other with one hand holding a cord with a lure in the form of a frog or plucked and roasted jackdaws, lowered almost to the bottom, the other hand from time to time pop kakusei, alluring catfish.

It should be borne in mind that when fishing on Kwok can take a big catfish, so all the gear needs to withstand at least 30-40 pounds of dead weight, and supply cord shall be up to 50 M. the Free end of the cord should be tied to the winder — shaft, made of light dry wood, and wind it the free portion of the cord, securing it in the slot of the platen. In the case of a large predator’s grasp, hard to retain, reset the winder with the stock cord. It is like the float will be visible on the surface of the water, and you, chasing the prey, would rather try to tire the fish, all the while pulling her to the boat.

To avoid unfortunate consequences do not try to take even tired of large catfish into the boat. Driving up to the sloping Bank and withdraw catfish into the shallows, trying to stun him with a blow to the head, before catching the hook. Som very heat-loving fish. Much earlier carp is preparing for winter hibernation, lying in the deep pools of water and potholes and becoming completely safe for any fish.

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